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My Homework needs to read three chapters (4,5,6) from [B. guy peters]_politics_of_bureaucracy,_5th_editi(book_fi.org)the book is online under this link http://www.slideshare.net/karis732/b-guy-peterspoliticsofbureaucracy5theditibookfiorgI also attached the book in the files beside the formates and how teacher will grade it. it is required to read chapter 4,5,and6 from the link start from page 135 to page 260. And write a essay one to tow pages.here I explain more about the essay.A key idea essay:addresses what the student finds to be an important or useful concept from the assigned reading for that week. in this Week students should read Chapters 4, 5 & 6 in the Peters text, and their key ideas essay should be derived from Chapters 4, 5 and/or 6 in the Peters text. Key ideas are about specific concepts from a portion of a reading, or a key concept may reflect a theme from all of the readings for the week. Key ideas entries do not summarize the entire assigned readings for the week. Instead, the key idea should explore in more depth common ideas from both books, or from different chapters within the same book.Each key idea essay should: Describe the key issue and explain its importance,Outline the strengths and/or weaknesses of the idea, Explain its practical application by using an illustration which links the key idea to news events societal conditions, or personal experience.The following format should be followed for each essay: Each essay should be approximately 1 to 2 pages in length. Excessive quotation and lists should be avoided; concepts should usually be summarized in the students words. The paper should be double-spaced, written in 12-point font, with 1 inch margins. Use the proper format for citations.Example essay:Key Idea: The City Manager Form of GovernmentIssue and Importance: The city manager form of government was created by reformers in an effort to put city administration in the hands of a trained professional (Judd and Swanstrom 2010, 98). As explained by Peters, the desire to have civil servants selected based on merit is in line with the Weberian model of bureaucracy (Peters 2010 , 83). In the city manager form of government, elected officials such as the mayor and city council were responsible for policy and the city manager handled the routine operations of the city (Judd and Swanstrom 2010, 98).). It was important because it reflected the reformers desire to make government run more like a business in an efficient and objective way (Judd and Swanstrom 2010, 99). Additionally, the city manager model translated the notion that politics/policy and administration should be separated into the structure of city government. Strengths and Weaknesses: The city manager form of government was more professional and more efficient. However, under this system, the needs of the disadvantaged were sometimes overlooked in favor of supporting the more affluent and the middle class (Judd and Swanstrom 2010, 99-100). The authors explain that some of the negative effects on minorities that were caused by at-large elections have been reduced by changed in the elections of city council members in city manager cities (Judd and Swanstrom 2010 101-105).Practical Application: I have worked in both a strong mayor (Judd and Swanstrom 2010, 95) form of government and in a city manager government. In the strong mayor city, new initiatives and responses to requests from citizens could be dealt with quickly, while in my current city there are procedures to follow. This means things can take longer, but people are treated fairly and equally. My current city is managed in a predictable way and I feel more insulated from politics.References:Peters, B. Guy. 2010. The Politics of Bureaucracy: An Introduction to Comparative Public Administration. 6th ed. London: Routledge.Judd, Dennis R., and Todd Swanstrom. 2012. City Politics: The Political Economy of Urban America. 8th ed. Harlow, England: Longman.

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