Must it get worse before it gets better? I The Economist Page 1 of IEconomistLibyaMust it get worse before it gets better?The country is going through its roughest patch since Muammar Qaddafisdownfall two years agoSep 14th 2013 1 MISRATA AND TRIPOLI I From the print editionTHE only road to paradise, runs a joke doing if ., S p (,5the rounds in the caf?s of Tripoli, Libyas Viseafrontcapital, is the one to-the kg. 1.international airport. Most Libyans. still revel g A XI i,_in the freedom and sense of possibility brought 3 g .I.on by the NATO-backed war that ousted 4, V I. :~ . V._pv_Colonel Muammar Qaddafi two years ago. Yet i S if if 7 hi 3 i Abefore, when someone disappeared, you knewthey were with Qaddafi forces, reminisces a rebel-turned-security man. Now we have noidea. That was made clear earlier this month when the government denounced the kidnap ofthe daughter of Abdullah al-Senussi, Qaddafis former spy chief, only to discover that one ofits own forces had nabbed her; she was freed a few days later.Libya has hit its rockiest patch since Qaddafis demise. No one has managed to reassert fullauthority over the tribes, regions and groups welded together under the colonels iron rule.Institutions of state, absent under Qaddafi, have yet to take firm shape. In the past few weeksthe countrys key oil ports have been blockaded by disgruntled workers and militias.Assassinations and carjackings are rife. Water and electricity have been cut off in Tripoli forthe past week. On September 11th a bomb was defused in Tripoli; another went off inBenghazi, the cradle of the anti-Qaddafi revolt and the main city of the east.Security is the biggest complaint. A state at its most basic has a monopoly of force, saysAnas al-Gomati, who runs Sadeq, a Libyan think-tank. Here you can argue that thegovernment works for the militias. The authorities, with Western help, are in the process ofbuilding an army and police force which are supposed to take over from the militias on itspayroll, most notably the Supreme Security Committee (SSC), a collection of former rebelswhich functions as a temporary police force, and the Libyan Shield, a group of Islamisthttp://www.economist.com/news/middle-east-and-africa/215 86312-country-going-through 9/ 1 2/20]CLICK HERE TO GET MORE ON THIS PAPER !!!CLICK HERE TO ORDER THIS PAPER AT AN AFFORDABLE PRICE
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