These are short essays, which don’t need too much information. Only write key topics about the questions and somehow relate to the paintings listed under each question. THANK YOU!!!
1a. In what ways were totally abstract artists interested in color theory? What were some of the ideas they had about what color might mean or how it was supposed to affect the viewer?
Slides:Malevich, Suprematist Composition: Airplane, Russia, 1914
Mondrian, Broadway Boogie Woogie, Netherlands (made in U.S.), 1942
2a. Some of the artists we’ve looked at were very socially and politically involved, and believed that their art should be used by the general public to improve their lives. Discuss two examples of artists who felt this way, and the kind of ideas they had about how their art might be used by the public. Slides: Tatlin, Monument to the 3d International, Russia, 1921
Mondrian, Composition in Red, Blue & Yellow, Netherlands, 1930 Bauhaus, Germany, 1919-1932
3a. Where did the Dadaists and Surrealists get their inspiration for their art works in terms of the kinds of ideas they were interested in? Why were their works generally very realistic looking? Was the viewer supposed to understand a specific message the artist was trying to convey, or was the viewer free to interpret the works according to their own feelings? Use two examples to discuss in detail what artists were expressing in Surrealism.
Slides: Magritte, The Human Condition, Belgian, 1934
Dali, The Persistence of Memory, Spanish, 1931
Ernst, Two Children are Threatened by a Nightingale, German, 1924
4a. Artists began using new materials in their art works, combining ready-made items into items that they did not themselves create. Why use them? Were they challenging any preconceived ideas about art and its creation by using these items or did they use these items for no particular reason? Slides: Duchamp, Tu m’, France, 1918
Hoch, Cut with the Kitchen Knife…, Germany, 1919 Duchamp, The Fountain, made in the U.S., 1919
5a. How did art in the U.S. during the 1930s express social and economic issues of the time? What was the Depression and how did it affect not just people in general, but also the art works created at that time? Please use two examples from either painting or photography in your discussion.
Slides: Hopper, The Nighthawks, 1942
Lange, The Migrant Mother, 1936 Bourke-White, Ft. Peck Dam, 1936
6a. What are the two kinds of Abstract Expressionism? Explain what each kind is, and what artists were trying to do with it. How were viewers supposed to respond when they looked at particular Abstract Expressionist paintings? (It won’t be the same for all of them.) Choose two examples to discuss your answer.
Slides: Pollock, Autumn Rhythm, U.S., 1950
DeKooning, Woman & Bicycle, worked in U.S., 1950 Newman, Vir Heroicus Sublimis, U.S., 1950-51 Rothko, Lavender on Mulberry, worked in U.S., 1959
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