ASSIGNMENT: E-LEARNING AND FUTURES IN EDUCATION.
It is expected that your 2000 word essay will address the following aspects:
1. Theoretical underpinnings about elearning
2. How the chosen perspective impacts on elearning pedagogies with possible examples
3. The implication of the perspective/s for students & for their learning within the elearning environment
Your references must reflect the use of:
ASSIGNMENT TEMPLATE (Essay structure)
Elearning tools to write about:
1. Web 2.0
3. Interactive whiteboard
For each tool above, you need to discuss
1) Why it can be used.
2) How to use it in your teaching of middle school students.
Reference list (APA style):
1) Word limit (2000words) (20% more or less is allowed).
2) Theoretical underpinnings about elearning
Excellent coverage of theoretical underpinnings “ HD
Very good coverage of theoretical underpinnings “ D
Good discussion of theoretical underpinnings “ C
3) How the chosen perspective impacts on elearning pedagogies with possible examples
Chosen perspective impacts on elearning pedagogies were explained very well with good examples “ D +
Chosen perspective impacts on elearning pedagogies were explained with examples “ C
4) The implication of the perspective/s for students & for their learning within the elearning environment
The implication of learning within elearning environment was explained very well “ D+
The implication of learning within elearning environment was explained “ C
5) Coverage reflecting engagement with readings and beyond, and other relevant materials
Excellent coverage with readings and beyond, other relevant materials “ D +
Coverage with readings and some beyond materials “ C
6) Layout, referencing format, grammar etc.
Layout was very clear. Correct reference format and no grammar mistakes “ D+
Layout was fine. Appropriate referencing format and no grammar mistakes “ C
Some use of layout but the format was not clear.
7) Reference lists
More than 10 “ HD
5-10 references – D
3-5 references “C
TITLE: E-learning tools.
In Classrooms, educators provide students with the latest learning experiences within E-learning that allows to support learning and teaching in classrooms to cater to all learning needs of students. The recent development of introducing such tools in classrooms are great however may cause a few difficulties for teachers in structuring a lesson that allows for students to develop achievements in their interpersonal, intrapersonal, logical and linguistic and creativity intelligences. However the e- learning tools that will be endeavoured in this essay will expose the greatness it has to offer for students and teachers in teaching and learning. It will look at the theories that underpin the e-learning tools and ways it can be used within a classroom to achieve students learning, and how the chosen tools impact on the pedagogies.
Search Engines (Google, Yahoo, About.com, Alta Vista):
Why use Search engines in schools? Well it s helpful as all the information is found at the tips of your student s fingers. A search engine is used whether it is for research or education it is one of the quickest and simplest places to find information. It does not only provide students with written text but also relevant images , videos, maps and news articles in relation to the topic of choice that is being searched for.
The theory behind the search engine is that they organise the information they gather according to what they call an Index Criteria which determines the information that the search engine will hold and how that information will be distributed (Martinez, 2008). The learning Theories would be constructivism, where in constrictive theory with in instruction educator s focus on making connections between facts and fostering new understanding in students. Instructors tailor their teaching strategies to student responses and encourage students to analyse, interpret, and predict information. Teachers also rely heavily on open-ended questions and promote extensive dialogue among students (Funderstanding, 2008).
Examples used in a classroom context where students search their topic for their class project, which can either be presented in a report, essay, oral or power-point presentation based which allows them to use their skills from previous and further lessons on web 1.0 which will looks at how to search valid, authentic sites in order to use the search engine for their chosen topic within the main focus on who discovered Australia? throughout to Powerpoint presentations in how to present their findings at the end.
Interactive White board:
Interactive white board (IWB) would be a great benefit within a classroom in learning as it allows students for greater participation, collaboration and allowing to help students in their interpersonal and intrapersonal skills and to build their confidence. IWB has 4 elements to it which are Ostensiveness which allows students and teachers to point out and demonstrate their understanding or to reinforce questions and statements, which consolidates their topic being taught. The second element to how IWB are improving learning is Ludic Element which is about play, which is important and a fun way of learning. This allows incorporating sound, animation, video and text which caters to different learning styles. Visualisation is another fundamental element that allows learners to visualise the process of things in which they occur such as; colours, movement which provides a learning reinforcement for students. And last but not least Bricolage which means Do it yourself learners who do things themselves where students can construct meaning and understanding for their learning themselves (Funderstanding, 2008). Annie, mentions that researches are constantly demonstrating with findings that students learn better when they are fully engaged and that multisensory, hands on learning is the best way to get students engaged (2009)
A learning theory that would respond to this stimulus tool is the Learning styles, which focuses to design their instruction methods to connect with all four learning styles, using various combinations of experience, reflection, conceptualization, and experimentation. Instructors can introduce a wide variety of experiential elements into the classroom, such as sound, music, visuals, movement, experience, and even talking. (Funderstaning,2008).
The tool of IWB is entirely up to the teacher with how they use it. The use of IWB has a positive impact on the students engagement and involvement where they are interacting more so which allows the learning to take place. In order for the teaching to be affective within the use of technology (IWB) the pedagogy has to be effective. This tool allows intrinsic stimulation, sustained focus and stepped learning. Students sustain focus by the interaction and the pace of the lesson which helped students to stay on task (Week 4 Notes, 2010).
The theory behind IWB would fall under three main learning Theory which are; Constructive, Learning Style and Multiple Intelligences. Constructive theory is based on learners who are more likely to allow for experimentation and exploration in the classroom and place greater emphasis on the experience of the learner which allows the process of adjusting our mental models to accommodate new experiences (Funderstanding, 2008). The second theory that would respond to this stimulus too is the Learning styles, which focuses to design their instruction methods to connect with all four learning styles, using various combinations of experience, reflection, conceptualization, and experimentation. Instructors can introduce a wide variety of experiential elements into the classroom, such as sound, music, visuals, movement, experience, and even talking. (Funderstaning,2008). The third theory is Multiple intelligence, which is By Doctor Howard Gardner, which looks at catering to all seven intelligences which are logical mathematical intelligence ( number/ reasoning) Linguistic intelligence (Word smart), Spatial Intelligence(Picture), Bodily Kinaesthetic intelligence ( Body smart), interpersonal(People smart) and , intrapersonal (Self smart)
An example of the use of the IWB in using with a group of students or the entire class is by having a huge of visual of images available. A subject that allows effective hand on learning is Maths in Geometry, allowing students to create shapes on the board and where it can be based on theoretical as well as Practical teaching and learning. This caters to all diverse learning style such as visual, auditory, kinaesthetic and other intelligences.
PowerPoint is a very effective as an E-learning tool when used wisely in a classroom. The reason why as an Educator to use Power point in the class would provide an effective approach to both students work and classroom instruction. This e-learning tool allows students to increase their involvement and interaction with in their peer groups by collaborating, cooperating in group work, which builds self confidence, Social skills and interpersonal skill. Power-point can be used by student or teachers to instruct a lesson where its gives the class a visual learning aid to help students who are visual learners. This tool also allows students to present their finding to the whole class as a group or as an individual to deliberate their findings which builds their public speaking and allows them to work on behavioural habits which disciplines students when in an environment that is based on performance and respect this will allow them to demonstrate to the teacher of their polite, mannered social behaviour.
At times not all students will demonstrate these attributes as some students find it hard to stand in the front of 23 other students and to have eyes all on them. These students are introverts and need to have a bit more time and if this is the case they are then looked at in presenting their findings in a different manner that suits them with a slow transition to lead them into areas that they are not used to, where they slowly adapt and build self confidence from the support of peers.
The learning theory would be Information processing by Robert Gagne, where he looks at 9 events of instructions which are; Gain attention which students must capture the attention of their peers. Inform learners of objectives where students are to let their peers know what they will be discussing and what they will learn from this presentation, Stimulate recall of prior learning students are to recall of existing, relevant knowledge and correlate new information with prior knowledge, Present stimulus material where students display the content with videos, diagrams, images which are then explained, Provide learner Guidance allow students explanation to be well in depth so they and their peers are able to store the important facts, Elicit Performance where students are to present themselves to the class in an appropriate manner, where they speak in a clear loud voice and are connecting with their audience by providing eye contact with their fellow classmates (audience), Provide feedback and assess performance which both student and teacher are able to do both formally and informally by asking presenters asking questions and vice versa (Kruse, n.d).
An example for this to be used is when students are to have group work or individual work in presenting their findings on the first people to discover Australia and an extension of that assignment would be to look at an Australian Explorer, which they are then to go away and use all the techniques used above to find relevant information and create a Power-point presentation to deliberate back to the class with what interesting information they have found. And at the end there is to be question time to see whether or not the audience were listening to the binding facts as well as presenters will be asked questions to see if they had done further reading as they were researching on their topic.
In conclusion all these e learning tools having similar Theories which work hand in hand with each other. As the above they have been placed in sequential order from what students are to do at the beginning of their research to the end of presenting their findings. At the end of all this, student will endeavour in a whole new experience that will be used throughout their lives.
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