Climate Change

Assignment 2: Adaptation
1) Submission instructions
1. The assignment must be no more than 3000 words (not including references, tables and diagrams).
2. This assignment is worth 50% of your total mark.
2) Questions
Write a Draft Climate Change Adaptation Strategy 2011-2051 for the built environment* and infrastructure** on Australia s Gold Coast that:
1. Briefly summarises the expected physical impacts of climate change on the built environment and infrastructure such as higher temperatures, sea level rise, changes to rainfall, greater coastal erosion, increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events (such as heatwaves, droughts, storms or floods), etc.
2. Identifies the key stakeholders within each level of government, as well as the business, community and media sectors.
3. Outlines an appropriate consultation process with all these stakeholders.
4. Allocates priority adaptation actions to each of these stakeholders.
5. Explains how a range of policy instruments will be deployed to support these actions in a way that is appropriate, effective, efficient and equitable.
6. Establishes a mechanism to coordinate, implement, evaluate and manage the policy instruments and priority adaptation actions proposed by this strategy.
7. Includes an introduction, main body, conclusion and references.
* The built environment includes areas with buildings that accommodate housing, retail, entertainment, commercial, industrial, government organisations or community groups.
** Infrastructure includes structures associated with energy, water, sewerage, waste disposal, transport, communication, public spaces, education, welfare, health, emergency services, or community services.

You should:
Start by reading the textbook, the on-line notes and readings for all topics, and the documents listed in section 3 (below);
Do a search of the academic literature using one of the many databases (Google Scholar is very useful, try searching for combinations of key words such as climate change adaptation, Gold Coast Australia, adaptation planning, adaptation policy etc.) and limit your search to peer-reviewed academic journal articles;
Cite and use at least 12 peer reviewed academic journal articles in addition to the relevant policy documents and official reports in section 3 (below);
Do not use unreliable on-line sources such as Wikipedia or marks will be deducted;
Use the referencing system in chapter10 of Hay, I. 2006. Communicating in Geography and the Environmental Sciences. 3rd edition. Oxford;
Make sure that you know and follow the rules regarding academic misconduct; and,
Find further help with professional writing at:

3) Documents with useful ideas and information:
IPCC. 2007. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group 2 to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Chapter 11: Australia and New Zealand.

Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre. 2011. Government Coastal Planning Responses to Rising Sea Levels: Australia and Overseas. Technical Report. ACECRC: Hobart.

HM Government. 2011. Climate Resilient Infrastructure: Preparing for a Changing Climate. DEFRA: London.

Smith, I., J. Dodson, B. Gleeson & P. Burton. 2010. Growing adaptively? Responding to climate change through regional spatial planning in England and Australia. Research Paper 31. Urban Research Program: Griffith University.

Mathews, T. 2011. Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Systems: Strategies for Planning Regimes. Research Paper 32. Urban Research Program: Griffith University.

Ford, J., L. Berrang-Ford & J. Paterson. 2011. A systematic review of observed climate change adaptation in developed nations. Climatic Change. 106: 327“336.

Australian Academy of Science (AAS). 2010. The Science of Climate Change: Questions and Answers. AAS: Canberra.

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) & Bureau of Meteorology (BoM). 2010. State of the Climate. CSIRO: Canberra.

Department of Climate Change (DCC). 2011. Climate Change Risks to Coastal Buildings and Infrastructure – A Supplement to the First Pass National Assessment. DCC: Canberra.

Department of Climate Change (DCC). 2009. Climate Change Risks to Australia s Coasts: A first pass national assessment. DCC: Canberra.

Australian Government. 2010. Adapting to Climate Change in Australia: An Australian Government Position Paper. DCC: Canberra.

Council of Australian Governments (COAG). 2007. National Climate Change Adaptation Framework. COAG: Canberra.

Head, B. 2008. Wicked Problems in Public Policy. Public Policy. 3(2): 101-118.

State & Regional
Queensland Government 2009. ClimateQ: Toward a Greener Queensland. DERM: Brisbane.

Queensland Government. 2007. ClimateSmart Adaptation 2007-12: An action plan for managing the impacts of climate change. DERM: Brisbane.

Queensland Government. 2011. Climate Change: Adaptation for Queensland Issues Paper. OCC: Brisbane.

Queensland Government. 2009. The South East Queensland Regional Plan 2009-31. DLGP: Brisbane.

Queensland Government. 2009. South East Queensland Climate Change Management Plan: Draft for Public Consultation. DLGP: Brisbane.

Queensland Government. 2011. South East Queensland Regional Coastal Management Plan. DERM: Brisbane.

Queensland Chief Scientist. 2011. Understanding Floods. Brisbane.

Steele, W. & B. Gleeson. 2009. Planning in climate change: Towards a relational framework for action. Research Paper 26. Urban Research Program: Griffith University.

ICLEI. 2008. Local Government Climate Change Adaptation Toolkit. ICLEI/DCC: Canberra.

Coastal Councils. 2010. Climate Change Adaptation Plan. Report Commissioned by the Hunter and Central Coast Regional Environmental Management Strategy: Newcastle.

Gold Coast City Council (GCCC). 2009. Climate Change Strategy 2009-14. DCC & GCCC: Southport.

GCCC. 2009. Gold Coast Flood Maps. Southport.

Howes, M. & A. Dedekorkut-Howes. 2010. From White Shoes to Waders: Climate change adaptation and government on the Gold Coast. Australasian Political Studies Association Conference, 27-29 September, Melbourne University: Melbourne.


Excellent Very Good Good Adequate Needs Work
1. Quality of the introduction
2. Summary of the expected physical impacts of climate change on the built environment and infrastructure
3. Identification of the key stakeholders
4. Outline of an appropriate consultation process
5. Allocation of priority adaptation actions to the key stakeholders
6. Explanation of how a range of policy instruments will be deployed
7. Establishment of a mechanism to coordinate the strategy
8. Establishment of a mechanism to implement the strategy
9. Establishment of a mechanism to evaluate the strategy
10. Establishment of a mechanism to manage the strategy
11. Quality of the conclusion
12. Originality of the proposed strategy
13. Familiarity with the documents listed in the assignment instructions
14. Evidence of research
15. Reference to key documents and information
16. Use of Hay s citation system
17. Format of bibliography
18. Length and breadth of bibliography
19. Quality of the written English


Grade Range
High Distinction (HD) 42.5 to 50.0
Distinction (D) 37.5 to 42.0
Credit (C) 32.5 to 37.0
Pass (P) 25.0 to 32.0
Pass Conceded (PC) 24.0 to 24.5
Fail (F) 0.0 to 23.5


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