Account for the rise and fall of Palmyra in the third century AD.

The Essay Question:
Account for the rise and fall of Palmyra in the third century.

Try to set the rise and fall of Palmyra against a broader historical framework. You may need to go back into the 2nd C. to account for the rise of Palmyra and also its unique semi-independent status within the Roman Empire. You will find the article by Matthews in the Bibliography to the Tutorial Exercise absolutely essential. The works of Potter and Stoneman are also helpful. Browning is a good read but very uncritical in his use of sources and now out of date in epigraphical matters but still useful as a site guide.

Outcomes
An understanding of Palmyra’s importance to Rome’s control of the Eastern Provinces in the 260s AD and its loss of them circa 270 AD

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